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Dutch Carpenter Joseph Deserne in Maryland and Virginia in 1679
Posted by: Edgar Russ Bralley (ID *****8924) Date: February 27, 2005 at 12:05:37
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I have long suspected our Dezarn ancestors were Dutch. Variants of the name are found in Belgian records and early Dutch records on down to the present time. I recently found this and invite comment. Read the whole thing and you will see the name spelled both Joseph Deserne and Jospeh Diserne - both spellings have been applied to members of our family in census records, etc. What do you think? Russ Bralley, Miami, FL - a descendant of Johan Fred. Dezarn through Hezekiah Dezarn of Greene County, TN.

From: Robert A. Leath's "Dutch Trade and Its Influence on Seventeenth-Century Chesapeake Furniture:"

Despite previous misconceptions, the Chesapeake’s artisan community was never uniformly English (see appendix C). As early as 1608, the Virginia Company of London sent “eight Dutchmen and Poles” to work as glass blowers at Jamestown, and recent archaeological excavations have uncovered numerous examples of their work. Four of the “Dutchmen” in this group were later dispatched to work as carpenters for the purpose of building a “castle” for the local Indian chief, Powhatan. In 1621, the Virginia Company instructed Governor Francis Wyatt to “take care of the Dutch sent to build saw mills” and to ship lumber down the James River for export to Europe. Six years later, the Council and General Court of James City County, Virginia, noted that “Derrick the Dutch Carpenter” had agreed to build a boat for a local Englishwoman. After the English conquest of New York, New Jersey, and Delaware, a small number of Dutch families moved to the southern colonies, particularly Maryland. Many of these emigrés were carpenters, such as Matthias Peterson, Peter Mills, and
Thomas Turner, whose naturalization records specify their Dutch origins. Turner reported that his birthplace was “Middleborough, Province of Zealand” when he applied for naturalization in Anne Arundel County in 1671. Also among the carpenters who emigrated from New Netherland to Maryland were Remy Lefer, Nicholas Fontaine, and Joseph Deserne, whose names appear more French than Dutch. From the outset, New Netherland was an ethnic polyglot of Dutch, Swedes, Finns, Germans, Walloons, and French Huguenots. The 1681 inventory of Dutch carpenter Henricke Cloystockfish lists tools appropriate for his trade, including nine old chisels, ten caulking irons, seven old planes, three old hammers, one old axe, three old adzes, two old saws, “an old Chest with some old Tooles,” and “a parcell of old Dutch Bookes.”

ALSO:

"Dutch and Other Continental Tradesmen in the Seventeenth-Century Chesapeake Region from the Artisan files, Museum of Early Southern Decorative Arts":

“eight Dutchmen and glass makers James City County,
Poles” Va., 1608
“Derrick the Dutch carpenter and James City County,
Carpenter” shipwright Va., 1627
Thomas Turner carpenter Anne Arundel County, Md., 1653
Bartholomew carpenter and cooper Lower Norfolk County,
Engelbretson Va., 1659
Augustin Herrman surveyor Cecil County, Md., 1661
Nicholas Fountaine carpenter and cooper Calvert County, Md., 1665–1703
Peter Mills carpenter St. Mary’s County, Md., 1667–1685
Matthias Peterson carpenter Talbot County, Md., 1671–1686
Cornelius Vorhoofe carpenter and Accomack County,
shipwright Va., 1668
Hans DeRinge carpenter Baltimore County, Md., 1672
Michael Paulus carpenter Talbot County,
Vanderford Md., 1672–1692
Joseph Diserne carpenter York County, Va., 1679–1704
Henricke Cloystockfish carpenter and Unspecified county,
shipwright Md., 1681
Remy Lefer carpenter St. Mary’s County, Md., 1688


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