John Reid of Amherst County Virginia, son of Thomas Reid and Mary McKean, was born circa 1712, most likely in County Down, Ireland, from which his father migrated to Pennsylvania. He married his first cousin, Martha Reid, daughter of John Reid and Martha Nesbit, on 16 Sep 1736 at Christ Church, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He died intestate, circa 1763 at Amherst Co., Virginia.
On 15 Mar 1738/39, when he and his uncle, also John Reid, both witnessed the will of Nathan Reid of Sadsbury Township, Lancaster Co., Pennsylvania, he signed as John Reid, Jr., while his uncle signed as John Reid, Sr. His cousin, Agnes Reid Alexander, a granddaughter of John, Sr., referred to him as Col. John Reid. She further reported in 1823 that Col. John Reid, son of the immigrant brother Thomas Reid, married his cousin Martha Reid, daughter of his father's brother John Reid, 1st. She stated that "John Reid's children were Alexander, who went to Kentucky, Thomas, lived on the James River in Botetourt County, Nathan, who lived in Bedford, John who went to Carolina, Mary Teas, who lived in Waynesborough" This list of children corresponds to a series of land transactions (cited later) in 1764 in which an "Alexander Reid, eldest son and heir at law to John Reid, deceased, " sold land of his father John Reid to his own brothers Thomas, Nathan, and John and sister Mary. The county clerk of Amherst County enter three of these deeds identifying the seller as Alexander Reid, Jr.
John was an heir to his father, Thomas Reid of Lancaster Co., Pennsylvania, under his will dated 2 Feb 1733/34. He was named co-executor in that will, filed on 6 Aug 1734. When the estate was settled, John inherited 210 acres (from a tract of 664 acres surveyed for Thomas Reid 12 April 1733) on a branch of Octararo Creek in Lancaster Co. John also witnessed the will of his brother, Nathan Reid of Sadsbury Twp. of the same county on 15 Mar 1738. That will was filed on 7 August 1739.
John then migrated to Virginia and settled on Corbins Creek near the Rockfish River in what was then Goochland County. On 15 July 1740 James Martin, John McCord, Thomas Morrison, James Robinson, John Reid, Samuel and James Small, John Weads, John and James Daben, William Verdeman, John Small, and Lazarus Small were granted leave to clear a road in that county from the Thorrowfare a little above Morrisons to the Secretary ford. Morrisons is a reference to a patent to 2460 acres at the southwestern end of the South Fork of the Rockfish River Valley. The Secretary ford most likely refers to a point where the highway 250 crosses the Rivana River in Charlottesville. John must have been accompanied to the Rockfish area by his brother, Alexander, later known as Alexander Reid, Sr., who was among a group granted permission to clear a road from Thomas Morrisons the D.S. tree in Michael Woods road on 15 September 1741. This was one segment of the previously mentioned Road. Alexander and their cousin, Andrew Reid, Jr., each purchased large parcels of land from the Morrison tract.
John Reid emerged early as a leader in the Rockfish Settlement. In a deed perhaps dating to 10 Sep 1745 referenced in Albemarle Co. Court Orders of February 1747, James Mc Canne conveyed to John Reid, James Roberts and Samuel Bell title to one acre and thirty poles under a Special Trust by the Presbyterian inhabitants of the Settlement of Rockfish to appropriate the land for a meeting house for the public worship, a school house and burying ground. He was appointed as a Justice or Magistrate of Albemarle County in 1746. When John Reid, Sr., died, John Reid and William Simpson provided bond for the appointment of his cousin, Andrew Reid, as executor of the estate in Aug 1746 in what was by then Albemarle Co., Virginia. Late in July of 1750, Rev. Robert Rose, who lived along the Tye River of Albemarle County (now Nelson County) Virginia, entered the following in his Diary:
"30- Went with Mr. Chizwel through Verdiman's pass by Wright's and Montgomerie's Settlement, to the Meeting House at Rockfish, by Martin's Mill to Mr. Chizwel's Quarter near to Rockfish Gap, Viewd the Crop, rain at Night – “
“31- A Moist Morning, about 7 were Surprizd by an impertinent Constable called Dunwiddie who served a Warrant on Mr. Crizwell at ye suit of one Barnet who summond Him to Mr. Reid's about 10 Miles Back, which He refused to comply with, and ordered the Constable & complainant off the plantation for their Rude behavior and provoked Him to speak disrespectfully of Mr. John Reid, a Magistrate, who had behaved very well in the affair - parted from Mr. Criswell, Rode to W Morison's, then to Andr. Reid's, then over the pass under the Three Ridge Mountain to Co. Henry's Quarter, & then Home at Night, Cloudy Weather-"
The 1750 date of this account confirms that it was John Reid, Jr., who was the magistrate, rather than his uncle, John Reid, Sr., who was by then dead. He was served as Sheriff of Albemarle Co. from 1755 to 1757. When Amherst Co. was formed out of part of the old Albemarle County in 1755, he appointed one of first magistrates of the new county. On 2 May 1761 he was appointed first sheriff of Amherst County. On 1 June that year he was bonded as sheriff to be "accountable for all sums of money and Tobacco by his received...," to "collect all fines, Quitrents, forfeitures, and Americaments...," and "to collect taxes."
John Reid accumulated several pieces of property in Augusta County and the in Rockfish settlement of Albemarle (later Amherst) County:
1) Albemarle County Court records indicate that in April 1745 he purchased land from Col. John Chiswell. Though the deed does not survive, this appears to have been a plot of 400 acres on Corbins Creek later in the possession of his son, Alexander, Jr.
2) He was granted a patent to 150 acres Albemarle Co. 10 Sep 1755. After his death, his eldest son, Alexander Reid, Jr., sold this land to John's son, John Reid for £20.
3) He was granted a patent to 100 acres in Verdimans Thoroughfare, Albemarle Co., Virginia, 10 Mar 1756. Then on 7 Aug 1758 he sold to this same land to John Loving.
4) He purchased for £43-5, 400 acres at branches of the Rockfish River, Parish of St. Anns, Albemarle Co., Virginia, from the estate of Thomas Man, deceased, and his widow, Sarah (--?--), on 9 Aug 1760. The land was adjacent to that of James Woods and John Criswell. Witnesses included Joseph Barnet, James Morrison, James Leacky and David Crawford. After John's death, his eldest son Alexander Reid, Jr., who sold it to John's son Nathan Reid for £50.
5) He purchased from Jeremiah Hadley for £42-10, 115 Acres at on the James River, Augusta Co., Virginia, on 10 Feb 1762. Witnesses included Alexander Reid and Alexander Reid Jr. After his death, his eldest son Alexander Reid sold this same land to John's son Thomas for £50.
6) He was granted a patent to 250 acres on the head branches of Corbin's Creek, Albemarle Co., Virginia, 25 Mar 1762. After his death his eldest son Alexander sold this same land to John's daughter Mary Reid for £20.
Children of John1 Reid and Martha Reid were as follows:
i. Alexander Reid Jr., son of John Reid and Martha Reid, was born between 1737 and 1740 at Lancaster Co., Pennsylvania, or in Goochland Co. Virginia. On 24 Jan 1769, an Alexander Reed, Jr. obtained a marriage license at Augusta Co., Virginia. The wife's name is not discernible. There is no proof that this is the Alexander Reid, Jr. of Amherst Co. whose wife was known only as Anne or Nancy.
Alexander Reid, Jr., held various public offices in Amherst Co. He was elected to the 2nd County Committee of Amherst County on the first Monday of November, 1775. In Nov 1776 he, Daniel Gaines, and Ambrose Rucker were recommended as Sheriff of Amherst Co., Virginia, for the ensuing year. On 6 Jul 1778 he was recommended by the Court of Amherst County, Virginia to serve as a First Lieutenant in the Amherst County Militia. In Feb 1781 he was again appointed Sheriff of Amherst County.
His children included Patsy (Mrs. Richard Oldham), John, Mary or Polly (Mrs. James Reid), Frances or Fanny, and Hanna (Mrs. John Talbot). Alexander, Jr., died before 14 Dec 1795 at Fayette Co., Kentucky. His widow later married John P. Newman.
ii. Mary Reid, daughter of John Reid and Martha Reid, was born after 1740 at Virginia. She and William Teas, son of Joseph Teas and Jean (--?--), obtained a marriage bond on 7 May 1770 at Amherst Co., Virginia. Mary, identified as a spinster, provided her own consent, and Alexander Reid, Jr., (presumably her brother) provided surety. After their marriage, Mary and William Teas lived at Waynesborough, Augusta Co., Virginia.
Mary was an heir to her husband, William Teas of Augusta Co., Virginia, under his will dated 10 Aug 1776. The settlement of the estate of William Teas suggests that he was deeply in debt. She was Inn keeper on 17 Apr 1782 at Waynesborough, Augusta Co., Virginia. In 1782, the Marquis of Chastillux, a French officer, traveled extensively in Virginia. He reported that on April 17 he forded the South River at Waynesborough and stayed at an Inn kept by Mrs. Teas. "Two hundred paces beyond the ford, but more than forty miles from the place which I had set out from, I found the inn that Mr. [Thomas] Jefferson had indicated to my; it is one of the worst lodging places in all America. Mrs. Teaze, the mistress of the house, was some time ago bereft by the death of her husband, and I verily believe that she was also bereft of all her furniture, for I have never seen a more badly furnished house. A poor tin vessel was the only 'bowl' used for the family, our servants, and ourselves; I dare not say for what other use it was offered to us when we went to bed. As we were four masters, without counting the rifleman, who had followed us and whom I invited to supper, the hostess and her family were obliged to give up their bed to us. Just as we were deciding to make use of it, a tall young man entered the room were we were assembled, opened a closet, and took out a little bottle. I asked him what it was. 'It's a drug,' he said, 'which our Doctor hereabouts has ordered me to take every day.' 'And what's your trouble?' I asked. 'Oh! Not much,' he replied, 'only a little itch.' I found this admission appealing in its candor, but I was by no means sorry that I had sheets in my portmanteau. It may easily be imagined that I was not tempted to breakfast in this house next morning.".
Children of Mary Reid and William Teas included Jane (Mrs. Samuel Estill).
iii. John Reid, son of John Reid and Martha Reid was born after 1740 at Virginia. Agnes Reid Alexander reported in 1823 that John Reid moved the Carolinas. There are Revolutionary War Records of several John Reids in North and South Carolina, but it is not clear if any of these relate to this John Reid.
iv. Thomas Reid, son of John Reid and Martha Reid, was born between 1740 and 1743 at Albemarle Co., Virginia. A he, son of John Reid, was baptized on 23 Jun 1743 at Rockfish Meeting House, Albemarle Co., Virginia. He and Florence Miller, daughter of Joseph Miller and Mary Reid, obtained a marriage bond on 28 Dec 1771 at Amherst Co., Virginia. John Reid provided surety and Florence provided her own consent. He died in 1827 at Botetourt Co., Virginia.
The children of Thomas Reid and Florence Miller included Martha or "Natty" (Mrs. Thomas Goodwin), Anna (Mrs. Walter Lindsey Jr.), Mary (Mrs. James Mays Sr.), and Ester (Mrs. Matthew Mays).
v. Nathan Reid, son of John Reid and Martha Reid, was born on 3 Mar 1753. He and Sophia Thorpe, daughter of Francis Thorpe, obtained a marriage bond on 7 Jan 1784 at Cambell Co., Virginia. Nathan held the rank of Captain in the Revolution. He died on 6 Nov 1830 at Bedford Co., Virginia, at age 77. He was buried at his garden at Poplar Grove, near New London, Bedford Co., Virginia.
Children of Nathan Reid and Sophia Thorpe included Catherine (Mrs. Abraham Penn), Mary Ann (Mrs. Edmond Penn), Dr. Francis Thorpe Reid (married Catherine B. (--?--) then Elizabeth Branch Maury), Major John Reid (married Elizabeth Branch Maury), Martha or Patsy (Mrs.Greenville Penn), Maria or Betsy Reid (Mrs. Robert J. Cabell), and Maj. Nathan Reid (married Eliza A. Reid, daughter of John T. W. Reid and Elizabeth Alexander).
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